Impact of Climate Change on Arable Crops among Farmers in Akko Local Government, Gombe State, Nigeria

Main Article Content

I. S. Odeleye
N. G. Nzohulato
M. A. Muhamman
O. O. Akpama
N. K. Dedan
O. B. Kuye

Abstract

The study was conducted on the impact of climate change on arable crops production among farmers in Akko Local Government Area of Gombe State, Nigeria. A multistage sampling method was adopted selecting one hundred and fifty respondents. Both primary and secondary data were collected covering a period of five years. The data collected were subjected to descriptive statistics. The research found that male farmers within the age bracket of 20-40 years dominate the farming system, with 62.2% being married and having one form of formal education or the other. The result indicated that 92.9% of the respondents are aware of climate change and are predominantly small land holders. The farmers highlighted increased in drought period, higher temperature, erosion, desert encroachment, loss of vegetation and reduced vegetation as effects of climate change. It was revealed that 92.9% of the respondents’ cropping patterns have been affected by climate change. To cope with these effects, farmers diversify their enterprises. The findings show that farming activities such as deforestation, clean clearing, bush burning, open grazing contributes to climate change. The amount of rainfall experienced from 2015-2019 in the area was moderate. The respondents use farmers’ saved seed as planting materials with 62.2% comprising of improved seed. The result indicates that over 95% of the sampled population uses synthetic and organic fertilizers in soil management. From the result, 52.0% of the respondents obtained good yield during the period under study. However, farmers engaged in different cropping systems to mitigate the effect of climate change. It is recommended that extension services should be improved to educate farmers more on adaptation strategies to increase output; Research Institutes should develop more advance or improved seeds as well as disseminate same to farmers timely and adequately.

Keywords:
Climate change, arable crops, deforestation, bush-burning.

Article Details

How to Cite
Odeleye, I. S., Nzohulato, N. G., Muhamman, M. A., Akpama, O. O., Dedan, N. K., & Kuye, O. B. (2020). Impact of Climate Change on Arable Crops among Farmers in Akko Local Government, Gombe State, Nigeria. Asian Journal of Research in Agriculture and Forestry, 5(4), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajraf/2020/v5i430089
Section
Original Research Article

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