Asian Journal of Research in Agriculture and Forestry
http://journalajraf.com/index.php/AJRAF
<p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Asian Journal of Research in Agriculture and Forestry</strong> <strong>(</strong><strong>2581-7418)</strong> aims to publish high quality papers (<a href="/index.php/AJRAF/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>) on all aspects of Agricultural and Forestry research. This journal facilitates the research and wishes to publish papers as long as they are technically correct, scientifically motivated. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled, OPEN peer reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p>SCIENCEDOMAIN internationalen-USAsian Journal of Research in Agriculture and Forestry2581-7418The Effects of Fish Pond Sediments and Cow Dung on the Early Growth of Afrormosia elata Harms Seedlings
http://journalajraf.com/index.php/AJRAF/article/view/30056
<p>More often than not, the emphasis is laid on the essence of employing organic manures for raising plant seedlings and even in improving the nutrient status of their growth media for higher productivity. Afrormosia elata has numerous medicinal uses but not very much available. Thus, the study on the effects of fish pond sediments (FPS) and decomposed cow dung (DCD) on the early growth of A. elata seedlings was carried out at the nursery ‘A’ of the Federal College of Forestry, Ibadan, Nigeria. A. elata seeds were sown in a finely perforated sieve (filled with washed river sand) and seedlings were pricked – out 2 weeks after seedling emergence into polythene pots with varying levels of FPS and DCD. The experimental design was Completely Randomized Design (CRD) consisting of nine treatments and eight replicates. Treatments include; T<sub>1</sub>(2 kg of FPS + 2 kg of topsoil); T<sub>2</sub> (2 kg of DCD + 2 kg of topsoil); T<sub>3 </sub>(1.5 kg of FPS + 2 kg of topsoil); T<sub>4</sub> (1.5 kg of DCD + 2 kg of topsoil); T<sub>5</sub> (1 kg of FPS + 2 kg of topsoil); T<sub>6</sub> (1 kg of DCD + 2 kg of topsoil); T<sub>7</sub> (500 g of FPS + 2 kg of topsoil); T<sub>8</sub> (500 g of DCD + 2 kg topsoil); and 2 kg of topsoil without any treatment served as control). Morphological parameters such as seedling height, collar diameter and leaf count as well as leaf biomass were assessed and the data collected were subjected to Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). The result showed that T<sub>3</sub> (1.5 kg FPS + 2 Kg TS) had the best performance in height, leaf area and leaf biomass with mean values of 11.02 cm, 21.65 cm<sup>2</sup> and 1.16 g respectively. Though, there were no significant differences amongst the growth parameters assessed for this study. But T<sub>3</sub> (1.5 kg FPS + 2 Kg TS) could be employed in raising the seedlings of this plant for faster growth rate.</p>M. O. Ojo
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2019-09-122019-09-121710.9734/ajraf/2019/v4i230056Growth and Volume Estimates of Teak (Tectona grandis Linn F.) in Kanya Forest Plantation, Kebbi State, Nigeria
http://journalajraf.com/index.php/AJRAF/article/view/30057
<p>This study was conducted in order to estimate growth and volume production of Teak (<em>Tectona grandis)</em> in Kanya Forest Plantation, Nigeria. The plantation was divided in to six strata-based age classes (A=38, B=37, C=36, D=35, E=34, F=28, years). Five plots were randomly selected from each stratum. Trees within each plot were enumerated and measured. Variables measured include total height, diameter at the base, middle, top, and diameter at the breast height were taken from 30 temporary sampled plots of 25x25 m approximately from the center, 180 dominant trees were selected from 712 trees. Descriptive statistic was used to summarize the results while inferential statistic (correlation) was used to establish relationship growth and yield variables. Basal area and volume of sampled trees were computed using Excel as well as scatter plots, correlation analysis was achieved using SPSS statistical package version 20. The results of growth and yield values obtained from the dominant trees are (B=249.312 m<sup>3</sup>/ha, D=196.128 m<sup>3</sup>/ha, F=134.976 m<sup>3</sup>/ha, C=119.328 m<sup>3</sup>/ha, E=100.320 m<sup>3</sup>/ ha and A=86.976 m<sup>3</sup>/ha). The results showed that B was (37 years) the best and A (38 years) was the poorest. The results of correlation showed positive relationships with most of the tree growth and yield characteristics but negative relationships exist between age and some parameters that is to say as the age increases those parameters are decreasing<em>.</em></p>A. DantaniS. B. ShamakiM. A. GupaA. I. ZaggaB. AbubakarR. B. MukhtarM. Sa’idu
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2019-09-142019-09-1411010.9734/ajraf/2019/v4i230057Assessment of Chainsaw Milling Enterprise in Benue State, Nigeria
http://journalajraf.com/index.php/AJRAF/article/view/30058
<p>The paucity of information on chainsaw milling enterprise has contributed to poor planning and development of timber resources in Nigeria. This study has accessed the marketing efficiency and structure with a view of evaluating its potential contribution to the livelihoods and economic development of Benue State. Multistage sampling technique and purposeful sampling technique were applied to determine the study sample which was drawn from the three geopolitical zones in the State; Zone A, Zone B and Zone C. Applying a sampling intensity of 30%, seven (7) Local Government Areas (LGAs) were sampled from the 23 LGAs of the State for the study. Based on this arrangement 79 chainsaw millers were selected and interviewed on the trading activities. Data were collected and analyzed using descriptive statistics such as percentages and frequency distribution. Also gross margin analysis, marketing margin, marketing efficiency, Analysis of variance, T-test Statistics, Index of market concentration (IMC), Rate of return on investment (RORI) and Gross Ratio (GR) were used in the determining the profitability and the efficiency of chainsaw millers trading efficiency in the study area. The study revealed that the trade is male dominated having 100% of the respondents as males. Similarly, the indigenous groups dominated the chainsaw milling and with the Tiv having the majority of (65.8%), this was followed by the Idoma (13.7%), Igede, (12.5%) and Igbo (5.5%), Igala and Sura 1.4% each. The study identified 18 timber species that were marketed in the study area and that 2,411, 37,733, and 69,492 volumes were marketed in zones A, B and C respectively. The result of the gross margin and market efficiency showed that that the chainsaw milling activities are profitable and efficient. It revealed the mean monthly gross margin (GM) of 39,688.00, 128,730, and 84,000 with corresponding RORI of 84.19, 43.93, and 1.80 for the chainsaw millers. The Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) of GMs were significant with 0.013. The Total Revenue and Total Variable Cost (TVC) equally showed significance with 0.045, 0.000, 0.000. The IMC, Gini coefficient of 0.1891, 0.3218 and 0.1829, indicated that the concentration was low with income inequality but with a competitive market.</p>L. N. Sambe
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2019-09-142019-09-1411910.9734/ajraf/2019/v4i230058