Evaluation of Carcass, Growth Performance, Hematological and Biochemical Parameters of Broiler Chickens Fed Additive of Onion Bulb Peel Powder

Oluwatoyin Folake Alamuoye

Animal Science Department, Faculty of Agricultural Science, Ekiti State University, Ado Ekiti, Nigeria.

Nathaniel Olu Alamuoye *

Food Science and Technology Department, School of Agriculture and Agricultural Technology, Bamidele Olumilua University of Education Science and Technology, Ikere Ekiti, Nigeria.

Francis Bosede Adebayo

Animal Science Department, School of Agriculture and Agricultural Technology, Bamidele Olumilua University of Education Science and Technology, Ikere Ekiti, Nigeria.

Victoria Oniyilo

Animal Science Department, Faculty of Agricultural Science, Ekiti State University, Ado Ekiti, Nigeria.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

The study evaluated the effect of the powder of onion bulb peel waste (Allium cepa) as feed additives on growth performance, blood profile and carcass features of broiler chickens. A total of 150-day old Arbo acre strains of broiler chicks were randomly allocated into five treatments group with 30 birds in each treatment with three replicates of 10 birds each. The birds were reared on the floor of a pen partitioned into experimental units. The study was conducted in two phases; starter phase (0-28 day) and finisher phase (28-56 day). A basal experimental diet was formulated for the broiler chickens and varying levels of onion bulb peel powder was added as a supplement at 0mg/kg (control), 25mg/kg, 50mg/kg, 75mg/kg and 100mg/kg in diets 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 respectively. Feed and water were provided ad libitum. The results obtained in this study revealed that there was significant difference (p<0.05) in feed intake, body weight, daily weight gain, feed conversion ratio, hematological and bio-chemical parameters, carcass weight, non-carcass weight, percentage of carcass cut-part relative to the dressed weight and percentage non carcass relative to live weight between treatment diets. Onion bulb peel powder at 100mg/kg enhanced growth performance, reduced total blood cholesterol, triglyceride and low-density lipoprotein, increased the high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and improved carcass yield of the birds. Since the feeding of onion bulb peel powder up to 100mg/kg as feed additives did not constitute nutritional disorder or any adverse effect on heamatological parameters of broiler chickens, it can be concluded that onion bulb peel powder at this level of inclusion is good for broiler chicken production.

Keywords: Abdominal fat, additives, haemoglobin, lymphocyte, onion bulb peel, proventiculus, triglyceride


How to Cite

Alamuoye, O. F., Alamuoye, N. O., Adebayo, F. B., & Oniyilo, V. (2024). Evaluation of Carcass, Growth Performance, Hematological and Biochemical Parameters of Broiler Chickens Fed Additive of Onion Bulb Peel Powder. Asian Journal of Research in Agriculture and Forestry, 10(2), 74–85. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajraf/2024/v10i2287

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Devi D. Effect of different levels of sulphur and magnesium on growth, yield and quality of onion. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences; 2021. Available:https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2021.1002.340.

Marefati N, Ghorani V, Shakeri F, Boskabady M, Kianian F, et al. A review of anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and immunomodulatory effects of Allium cepa and its main constituents. Pharmaceutical Biology. 2021,59:285-300. Available:https://doi.org/10.1080/13880209.2021.1874028.

González-de-Peredo A, Vázquez-Espinosa M, Espada-Bellido E, Carrera C, Ferreiro-González M., Barbero G, et al. Flavonol composition and antioxidant activity of onions (Allium cepa L.) based on the development of new analytical ultrasound-assisted extraction methods. Antioxidants. 2021;10. Available:https://doi.org/10.3390/antiox10020273.

Flees J, Greene E, Ganguly B, Dridi S. Phytogenic feed- and water-additives improve feed efficiency in broilers via modulation of (an)orexigenic hypothalamic neuropeptide expression. Neuropeptides. 2020;81. Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.npep.2020.102005.

Adegun MK, Alamuoye OF, Aye PA. Growth, Morphostructural and haematological performances of West African Dwarf male sheep fed garlic powder as additive diets. Scientific Journal of Animal Science. 2017;6(7):428-435. DOI:10.14196/sjasv6i7.2413

NRC. Nutrient requirement for poultry. (9th ed.) National Academy Press Washington DC, USA; 1994.

Oniyishi GC, Oguine CC, Nwani SI, Aguzie IC, Nwani CD. Haematological parameters dynamics of developing gallus gallus domesticus. Animal Research International. 2017;14(2):2769-2776. Available:http://www.zoo-unn.org/

Pishbin E, Navidbakhsh M, Eghbal M. A centrifugal microfluidic platform for determination of blood hematocrit level. 22nd Iranian Conference on Biomedical Engineering (ICBME). 2015;60-64. Available:https://doi.org/10.1109/ICBME.2015.7404117.

Kalaivani K, Ramachandran P. Hb estimation at point of care using cyanmethaemoglobin method. International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health; 2021. Available:https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20213559.

Sheikh M, Biswas A, Baranwal A, Kushwaha N, Karade S, et al. Comparative study of quality of leukoreduced packed red blood cell units as assessed by nageotte hemocytometry and flow cytometry. Asian Journal of Transfusion Science. 2022;17:63-68. Available:https://doi.org/10.4103/ajts.AJTS_101_21.

Reddy A. Assessment of haematological parameters of punganur cattle. The Journal of Research ANGRAU. 2023;51(2):143-147. Available:https://doi.org/10.58537/jorangrau.2023.51.2.16.

Fatica E, Jenkins, S, Scott, R, Block D, Meeusen J, Baumann N, Saenger A, Donato L. Short- and Long-term biological variability of small dense LDL, HDL3, and triglyceride-rich lipoprotein cholesterol. The Journal of Applied Laboratory Medicine. 2022;7(5):1047–1061. Available:https://doi.org/10.1093/jalm/jfac039.

IBM SPSS Statistics 20; 2011.

Wen X, Noor F, Noor H, Wang J, Xiao C. Effects of dietary supplementation of plant extract (impim) on growth performance immune status, and nutrient digestibility of broiler chickens. Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2022;10(8):571-577. Available:https://doi.org/10.12691/jfnr-10-8-5.

Buryakov N, Zagarin A, Fathala M, Aleshin D. The role of supplementing a complex phytobiotic feed additive containing (Castanea sativa mill) extract in combination with calcium butyrate, zinc–methionine and essential oils on growth indicators, blood profile and carcass quality of broiler chickens. Veterinary Sciences. 2023;10(3):212. Available:https://doi.org/10.3390/vetsci10030212.

Koshchaeva OS, Ryadinskaya AA, Lavrinenko KV, Koshchaev IA. Use of natural antioxidants in feeding broiler chickens. Bulletin of NSAU (Novosibirsk State Agrarian University). 2023;(3):236-244. (In Russ.) Available:https://doi.org/10.31677/2072-6724-2023-68-3-236-244

II Kim I, Munezero O, Zhang Z, Kim I. The effects of yucca schidigera extract and multi-carbohydrase in different crude protein diets on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, carcass parameters and excreta noxious gas contents in broilers. Brazilian Journal of Poultry Science. 2022;1-7. Available:https://doi.org/10.1590/1806-9061-2022-1650.

Aronu C, Anaga A, Ihedioha J, Marire B, Anika S. The effect of dietary supplementation with aqueous extract of freshly harvested Talinum triangulare (waterleaf) plant on the haematology, serum biochemistry and carcass quality of broilers. Journal of Biological Research & Biotechnology. 2023;21(3):2158-2167. Available:https://doi.org/10.4314/br.v21i3.10.

Sakr S, EL-Emam H, Naiel M, Wahed N, Zaher H, et al. The impact of paulownia leaves extract on performance, blood biochemical, antioxidant, immunological indices, and related gene expression of broilers. Frontiers in Veterinary Science. 2022;9:1-11. Available:https://doi.org/10.3389/fvets.2022.882390.

Shabir I, Pandey VK, Dar AH, Pandiselvam R, Manzoor S, Mir SA, Shams R, Dash KK, Fayaz U, Khan SA, et al. Nutritional profile, phytochemical compounds, biological activities, and utilisation of onion peel for food applications: A review. Sustainability. 2022;14(19):11958. Available:https://doi.org/10.3390/su141911958

Mounir R, Alshareef WA, El Gebaly EA, El-Haddad AE, Ahmed AMS, Mohamed OG, Enan ET, Mosallam S, Tripathi A, Selim HMRM, et al. Unlocking the power of onion peel extracts: Antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory effects improve wound healing through repressing notch-1/NLRP3/Caspase-1 Signaling. Pharmaceuticals. 2023;16(10):1379. Available:https://doi.org/10.3390/ph16101379

Cattivelli A, Nissen L, Casciano F, Tagliazucchi D, Gianotti A. Impact of cooking methods of red-skinned onion on metabolic transformation of phenolic compounds and gut microbiota changes. Food & function. 2023;14:3509–3525. Available:https://doi.org/10.1039/d3fo00085k.

Ejaz A, Afzaal M, Saeed F, Waliat S, Shah Y, et al. Development and characterization of symbiotic microcapsules to enhance the viability of probiotic under stressed conditions. International Journal of Food Properties. 2023;26:2838-2853. Available:https://doi.org/10.1080/10942912.2023.2254521.

Malematja E, Manyelo T, Ng'ambi J, Nemauluma M, Kolobe S. Effects of onion extracts (Allium cepa) inclusion in diets on growth performance, carcass characteristics, and bone morphometric of broiler chickens. Animal Bioscience. 2023;36:1075-1082. Available:https://doi.org/10.5713/ab.22.0399.

Goodarzi M, Landy N, Nanekarani S. Effect of onion (Allium cepa L.) as an antibiotic growth promoter substitution on performance, immune Reponses and serum biochemical parameters in broiler chicks. Health. 2013;5(8):1210-1215. DOI:10.4236/health.2013.58164

Goodarzi MT, Nnekarani S, Landy N. Effect of dietary supplementation with onion (Allium cepa L.) on performance, carcass traits and intestinal microflora composition in broiler chickens. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Disease. 2014;4. DOI:10.1016/S2222-1808(14)60459-X Corpus ID: 4325454

Omar A, Al-Khalaifah H, Mohamed W, Gharib H, Osman A, et al. Effects of phenolic-rich onion (Allium cepa l.) extract on the growth performance, behavior, intestinal histology, amino acid digestibility, antioxidant activity, and the immune status of broiler chickens. Frontiers in Veterinary Science. 2020; 7(582612):1-14. Available:https://doi.org/10.3389/fvets.2020.582612.

Goodarzi M, Nanekarani S. Effect of onion extract in drink water on performance and carcass traits in broiler chickens. International conference on Agricultural and Biosystem Engineering, Procedia. 2014;8:107-112. DOI:10.1016/j.ieri.2014.09.018

Kumar M, Mekhermar M. Onion (Allium cepa L.) peels: a review on bioactive compounds and biomedical activities. Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy. 2022; 146:112498. Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biopha.2021.112498

Kokore AB, Kamagates S, Bleyere NM, Yapo AP. Hematological profile of broilers and local chickens in Korhogo, Cote D’ivoire. International Journal of agriculture, Environment and Bioresearch. 2021;6(2):14-23. DOI:10.35410/IJAEB.2021.5618

Oguntoye MA, Bako J, Adam F, Daniel DK., Daniel B, et al. Effect of maize and yam peel based diet supplemented with Xylanase, Amylase and Protease Multi-Enzymes on serum biochemistry and haematological indices of starter broiler chickens. Nigerian Journal for Animal Science. 2018;20(4): 355-363. Available:https://www.ajol.info/index.php/tjas/article/view/181212.

Shanmathy M, Tyagi J, Gopi M, Mohan J, Beulah P. Effect of various factors on hematology and serum biochemistry values of aseel and kadaknath chicken. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences. 2020; 9:1695-1703. Available:https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.908.195.

Abdelwahab S, Mansour D. Chicken anaemia virus in egyptian broiler; Clinical signs and molecular characterization. 2019;24:347-358. Available:https://doi.org/10.21608/scvmj.2019.69879.

Dai M, Huang Y, Wang L, Luo J, Yan N, et al. Genomic sequence and pathogenicity of the chicken anemia virus isolated from chicken in Yunnan Province, China. Frontiers in Veterinary Science. 2022;9:1-9. Available:https://doi.org/10.3389/fvets.2022.860134.

Eburuaja A, Onunkwo D, Adedokun O. Haematological and biochemical indices of broiler chicken fed graded levels of boiled African yam beans (Sphenostylis stenocarpa). Nigerian Journal of Animal Production. 2020;139-144. Available:https://doi.org/10.51791/NJAP.V44I2.996.

Sobayo R, Adeyemi O, Oso A, Fafiolu A, Daramola J, Sodipe G, Ogunade I, Odetola O. Haematological, serum and carcass characteristics of broiler chicken fed `graded levels of Garcinia kola (Bitter kola) used as phytobiotic. Nigerian Journal of Animal Production; 2020. Available:https://doi.org/10.51791/NJAP.V40I1.623.

Ghanem H. Hematology and biochemistry profile of silver sabahia chicken strain. Egyptian Poultry Science Journal. 2022;42(1):107-119.

(2022). Available:https://doi.org/10.21608/epsj.2022.229633.

Li Y, Zhang H, Chen Y, Yang M, Zhang L, et al. Bacillus amyloliquefaciens supplementation alleviates immunological stress in lipopolysaccharide-challenged broilers at early age. Poultry science. 2015;94(7):1504-1511. Available:https://doi.org/10.3382/ps/pev124.

Perin G, Baldissera M, Fernandes M, Barreta M, Casagrande R, et al. Effects of tannin- containing diets on performance, gut disease control and health in broiler chicks. Animal Production Science; 2019. Available:https://doi.org/10.1071/AN18393.

Ahmed I, Reshi Q, Fazio F. The influence of the endogenous and exogenous factors on hematological parameters in different fish species: A review. Aquaculture International. 2020;28:869-899. Available:https://doi.org/10.1007/s10499-019-00501-3.

Díaz-Garzón J, Fernández-Calle P, Aarsand A, Sandberg S, Coşkun A, et al. Long-term within- and between-subject biological variation data of hematological parameters in recreational endurance athletes. Clinical chemistry. 2023;69(5): 500-509. https://doi.org/10.1093/clinchem/hvad006.

Alani O, Mashhdani H. Effect of adding different levels of onion (Allium cepa linn) powder to broiler diets on the physiological characteristics. Iraqi Journal of Market Research and Consumer Protection. 2023; 15(1):72-80. Available:https://doi.org/10.28936/jmracpc15.1.2023.(7).

Adeyemi K, Oseni, A, Asogwa T. Onionskin waste versus synthetic additives in broiler diet: Influence on production indices, oxidative status, caecal bacteria, immune indices, blood chemistry and meat quality. Italian Journal of Animal Science. 2021;20:587-599. Available:https://doi.org/10.1080/1828051X.2021.1892545.

Manullang J, Parinding G. Utilization of tiwai onion nanoparticles (Eleutherine amaricana Merr) as feed mixture towards quality of broiler carcass. Jurnal Ilmiah Peternakan Terpadu. 2023; 11(3). Available:https://doi.org/10.23960/jipt.v11i3.p229-240.