Effect of Deforestation on Rural Household Income in Selected Forest Dependent Commuinities in Odeda Local Council Area of Ogun State, Nigeria

Main Article Content

A. E. Osoba
T. A. Atanda
T. S. Bola

Abstract

This study was carried out to examine deforestation and rural household income with a view to ensuring conservation. A multistage sampling procedure with a 3-stage design was used for this study. Questionnaire was used to elicit information from 120 respondents in Odeda local council area of Ogun State, Nigeria. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The Foster-Greer-Thorbecke indices of poverty metrics was used to determine the poverty line of households. Smith’s saliency was used to determine the livelihood activities in selected communities. The result showed that respondents were gender sensitive, majority (58.3%) were male and (41.7%) female. On age, 41 – 50 (45.8%) years recorded the highest. The mean age was 50 years. Most of the respondents were married (68.6%) while majority, (52.5%) have low literacy level attaining only secondary education. Household size 1 - 5 recorded the highest, (76.7%) of the total population. Mean household size was 5. The study area was dominated by Yoruba (77.5%). Major occupation income recorded a mean of N17, 000 Naira while minor occupation income recorded a mean of N4308.37 Naira. Poverty line of N122, 700 Naira was determined with poverty incidence (P0) of (21.67%). The poverty gap (P1), (5.09%) indicating that an average respondent requires N6, 245.43 Naira to reach the poverty line. The poverty severity (P2) was (0.02) showing that the respondents were not poor because the value is far from 1. Socio economic factors promoting deforestation were identified among the respondents with marital status as the only significant variable (P<0.05) and a negatively coefficient value of -2.281. Conclusively, deforestation was identified with livelihood activities of the people such as hunting, farming and trading of forest products. Therefore, it is recommended that forestry extension programmes should be intensified in rural communities to minimize deforestation activities and promote eco-consciousness among the local people.

Keywords:
Communities, deforestation, forest, income, livelihood and rural household

Article Details

How to Cite
Osoba, A. E., Atanda, T. A., & Bola, T. S. (2019). Effect of Deforestation on Rural Household Income in Selected Forest Dependent Commuinities in Odeda Local Council Area of Ogun State, Nigeria. Asian Journal of Research in Agriculture and Forestry, 3(3), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajraf/2019/v3i330042
Section
Original Research Article

References

Acharya KP, Dangi RB. Case studies on measuring and assessing forest degradation. Forest Degradation in Nepal, Review of Data and Methods; 2009.

Belcher B, Achdiawan R, Dewi S. Forest-based livelihoods strategies conditioned by market remoteness and forest proximity in Jharkhand, India. World Development. 2015;66:269–279.

Aruofor RO. An economic appraisal of pricing policy and tariff systems for Gmelina arborea pulpwood and saw-log in Nigeria. An unpublished M.sc thesis submitted to the Department of Forest Resources Management, University of Ibadan; 1999.

United National Framework Convention on Climate Change. Report of the Conference of parties on its fifteenth session, held in Copenhagen from 7 - 13 December, 2011. Part two: Action taken by Conference of Parties at its fifteenth session. Decisions adopted by the Conference of the Parties. 2011;87.

Anonymous. Global forest resources assessment main report. FAO Forestry Paper 140. Rome, Italy; 2010.

Gorte RW, Sheikh PA. Deforestation and Climate Change, Congressional Research Service; 2010.
Available:http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R41144.pdf
(Retrieved 25/04/2018)

Ayanwuyi E, Oladosu O, Ogunlade I, Kuponiyi F. Rural women perception of effects of deforestation on their economic activities in Ogbomoso area of Oyo state, Nigeria. Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences. 2007;4(3):474-479.

Central bank of Nigeria (CBN), 2006. CBN Statistical Bulletin. 2006;17.

Federal Ministry of Environment (FMEv). Nigeria approved national forest policy. Federal Government of Nigeria; 2006.

FORMECU/EMP. Assessment of Vegetal and Land use Changes in Nigeria. Submitted by Geometrics International Inc, Ontario, Canada; 1998.

FAO. Global Forest Resources Assessment, 2015. Rome, Italy.

Uyanga J. The plantation economy in the Calabar region: a preliminary analysis. In Calabar and Environs: Geographic Studies (Inyang PEB, Usoro EJ, Abasiekong EM, Sule RAO, eds). Dept. of Geography, University of Calabar; 2012.

FOS, (2006). Annual Abstract of Statistics. Federal Office of Statistics, Lagos, Nigeria edition. Smith JJ. Using ANTHROPAC 3.5 and a spreadsheet to compute a freelist salience index. Cultural Anthropology Methods Newsletter. 1993;5(3):1-3.

Weller SC, Romney AK. Systematic data collection. Sage Publications, New Delhi; 1988.

Food and Agriculture Organization. “Criteria and Indicators for Sustainable wood fuels”, in FAO Forestry, Paper 160, Electronic Publishing Policy and Support Branch, Viale Delle Terme di Caracalla, I-00100 Rome, Italy. 2009;5, 10 and 11.

Soaga JA. Socioeconomic Implications of paradigm shifts in Ogun State Forestry. 2008;120-138.

Atanda TA. Economic incentives as a tool for reducing deforestation in Egba Division of Ogun State, Nigeria. J. Appl. Sci. Environ. Manage. 2018;22(10):1685–1688.

Phillips JM. Farmer education and farmer efficiency: A meta analysis. Economic Development and Cultural Change. 2011; 43(1):1496165.

Mallay B. Farmers’ tree management strategies in a changing rural economy and factors influencing decisions on tree growing in Nepal. International Tree Crop Journal. 2000;10:247–266.

Adebayo AA. Federal University of Technology, Yola 8th Inaugural Lecture: Climate: Resource and Resistance to Agriculture. 2010;48:15-22.

Mahapatra K, Kant S. (2003) Tropical Deforestation: A multinomial logistic model and some country-specific policy prescriptions. Journal of Forest Policy and Economics. Elsevier. 2005;7:1-8.

Insaidoo TFG, Ros-Tonen MAF, Hoogenbosch L, Acheampong E. Addressing Forest Degradation and Timber Deficits in Ghana, ETFRN News 53: April 2012.

FAO. Global Forest Resources Assessment 2010 – Key Findings. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Rome, Italy; 2010.

Soaga JA, Olorunfemi O, Makinde I. Global economic crisis and market trend in local timber in Ogun State, Nigeria: The climate change advantage. In. Climate variability and change pattern: Impact, science, innovation and policy. Nigerian Meteorological Society 30th annual conference proceedings, 21st- 24th, November, 2016.

United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP, 2006) Africa Environmental Outlook 2: Our Environment, or Wealth. (Retrieved on 26th November, 2012)
Available:http://www.unep.org/DEWA/Africa/docs/en/AEO2_Our_Environ_Our_Wealth.pdf