Community Dependency and Conservation Practices in Khagrachari, Bangladesh: A Study on Management of Village Common Forests (VCFs)
Asian Journal of Research in Agriculture and Forestry,
Forest is one of the main sources of different resources where indigenous communities are mostly dependent on the forest for their sustainable management of life. Following the dependency of indigenous communities on natural resources and their conservation practices and development of Village Common Forest (VCF) in Chittagong hill tracts. Present study was conducted at Haduk Para and Hridoy Member Para VCF’s in Khagrachari, Bangladesh to understand the dependency and practices of villagers on the VCF for their livelihood and other resources. Among different types of products extracted from Haduk Para and Hridoy Member Para, the monetary value was highest (14700 BDT and 22400 BDT, respectively) for timber but fuelwood is the most extracted product (1930 Kg HH-1Yr-1 and 2470 Kg HH-1Yr-1, respectively) they have collected from VCF. Besides, to fulfill daily personal needs different plant edible products, fauna, and medicinal plants have been collected by the community people from both VCFs. In case of conservation purpose, Hridoy Member Para giving more priority for protecting the source of water resources where the majority from Haduk Para community replied that their priority was to avert natural calamities. However, both the VCFs community have taken some initiatives to reduce the pressure from the forest floor like enrichment planting, non-wood forest products cultivation, regional training for handicraft manufacturing and alternative income generation activities for the villagers. Therefore, safeguarding forest and biodiversity resources and at the same time improving the livelihood security for the indigenous communities, nowadays is mandatory to protect and manage these VCFs from being degraded.
- Community people
- income generation
- ethnomedicinal practices
- extraction value
How to Cite
Mehta JN, Kellert SR. Local attitudes toward community-based conservation policy and programmes in Nepal: A case study in the Makalu-Barun Conservation Area. Environ Conserv. 1998;25(4):320–33.
Sah JP, Heinen JT. Wetland resource use and conservation attitudes among indigenous and migrant peoples in Ghodaghodi Lake area, Nepal. Environ Conserv. 2001;28(4):345–56.
Baten MA, Khan NA, Ahammad R, Misbahuzzaman K. Village common forests in Chittagong Hill Tracts, Bangladesh: Balance between conservation and exploitation. Unnayan Onneshan-The Innov Dhanmondi, Dhaka, Bangladesh; 2010.
Rasul G. Political ecology of the degradation of forest commons in the Chittagong Hill Tracts of Bangladesh. Environ Conserv. 2007;34(2):153–63.
Kamrul KI, Jashimuddin J, Hossain N. Tree diversity and management of Village Common Forests in Bandarban. Environ Earth Ecol. 2017;1(2).
Jannat M, Hossain MK, Uddin MM, Hossain MA, Kamruzzaman M. People’s dependency on forest resources and contributions of forests to the livelihoods: a case study in Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT) of Bangladesh. Int J Sustain Dev World Ecol. 2018;25(6):554–61.
Misbahuzzaman K, Marma C. Traditional indigenous knowledge based conservation and livelihood strategies for sustainable forest resources management in the uplands of Bangladesh. IUFRO World Ser. 2008;21:116.
Chowdhury MA, Zahra FT, Rahman MF, Islam K. Village common forest management in Komolchori, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Bangladesh: An example of community based natural resources management. Small-scale For [Internet]. 2018;17(4):535–53.
Misbahuzzaman K, Smith-Hall C. Role of forest income in rural household livelihoods: The case of village common forest communities in the Chittagong Hill Tracts, Bangladesh. Small-scale For. 2015;14(3):315–30.
Halim S, Roy RD. Lessons learned from the application of human rights-based approaches in the indigenous forestry sector in the Chittagong Hill Tracts, Bangladesh: A case study of the village common forest project implemented by Taungya. Taungya, Rangamati; 2006.
Saha PS. Parbattya Chattagramer Mouza Ban: Prachin Praggyar Arek Rup. In: In P. Gain; 2010.
Sunderlin WD, Hatcher J, Liddle M. From exclusion to ownership? Challenges and opportunities in advancing forest tenure reform. Rights and Resources Initiative; 2008.
Jashimuddin M, Inoue M. Management of village common forests in the Chittagong Hill Tracts of Bangladesh: Historical background and current issues in terms of sustainability. Open J For. 2012;2(3):121.
Hossain MA, Hossain MK, Alam MS, Al Mamun MMA. Structural composition and distribution of tree species of Dudhpukuria-Dhopachori Wildlife Sanctuary, Chittagong, Bangladesh. J Biodivers Conserv Bioresour Manag. 2017;3(1):17–30.
Uddin MS. Sustainable forest management and policy issues in CHT’s Bangladesh. 2017.
Roy S. Livelihood resilience of the indigenous Munda community in the Bangladesh Sundarbans forest. Handb Clim Chang Resil. 2018;1–22.
Chowdhury MSH, Gudmundsson C, Izumiyama S, Koike M, Nazia N, Rana MP, et al. Community attitudes toward forest conservation programs through collaborative protected area management in Bangladesh. Environ Dev Sustain. 2014; 16(6):1235–52.
Ahmed MNQ, Haq SMA. Indigenous people’s perceptions about climate change, forest resource management, and coping strategies: a comparative study in Bangladesh. Environ Dev Sustain. 2019; 21(2):679–708.
Kibria ASMG, Jashimuddin M, Makoto I. Effects of participatory forest management on livelihood capitals of the community in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh. J For Res. 2014;19(1):42–51.
Chowdhury Q, Rashid AZMM, Afrad M. Socio-economic significance of reed forests in a rural community: A case study from the greater Sylhet Region of Bangladesh. Small-scale For Econ Manag Policy. 2004;3(1):121–30.
Miah MD, Chowdhury MSH. Traditional forest utilization practice by the Mro tribe in the Bandarban region, Bangladesh. Schweizerische Zeitschrift fur Forstwes. 2004;155(3–4):65–70.
Rahman MDR, Rahman MM, Chowdhury MA, Akhter J. Tree species diversity and structural composition: The case of Durgapur Hill Forest, Netrokona, Bangladesh. Asian J For. 2019;3(1):10–9.
Rahman MR, Rahman MM, Chowdhury MA. Assessment of natural regeneration status: The case of Durgapur hill forest, Netrokona, Bangladesh. Geol Ecol Landscapes. 2019;1–10.
Chowdhury MA, Islam KN, Hafiz N, Islam K. Diversity of trees in a community managed forest: The case of Komolchori VCF, Khagrachari, Bangladesh. Geol Ecol Landscapes. 2019;3(2):95–103.
Upazila KS. khagrachari upazila. [Internet]; 2019.
[Cited 2019 May 1]
Upazila M. Matiranga Upazila. [Internet]; 2019.
[Cited 2019 May 1]
Hossain MK, Hossain MA. Biodiversity of Chunati Wildlife Sanctuary: Flora. In: Arannayk Foundation; 2014.
Siddiqui KU, Islam MA, Ahmed ZU, Begum ZNT, Hassan MA, Khondker M, Rahman MM, Kabir SMH, Ahmed M, Ahmed ATA, Rahman AKA, Haque EU (eds.). Encyclopedia of flora and fauna of Bangladesh. Angiosperms: (Agavaceae - Najadaceae). Dhaka Asiat Soc Bangladesh. 2007;11:399.
Rahman MR, Hossain MK, Alam M. Prospects and problems of fruit tree cultivation in Khagrachari Sadar Upzila. Int J Usuf Mngt. 2017;18(2):13–24.
Miah D, Chakma S, Koike M, Muhammed N. Contribution of forests to the livelihood of the Chakma community in the Chittagong Hill Tracts of Bangladesh. J For Res [Internet]. 2012;17(6):449–57.
Ahmed ZU, Begum ZNT, Hassan MA, Khondker M, Kabir SMH, Ahmad M, et al. Encyclopedia of flora and fauna of Bangladesh. Asiat Soc Bangladesh, Dhaka; 2008.
Zeven AC, De Wet JMJ. Dictionary of cultivated plants and their regions of diversity: Excluding most ornamentals, forest trees and lower plants. Pudoc; 1982.
M Danesh Miah FUA. Conservation of a tropical wet semi-evergreen forest ecosystem by an Indigenous community in the Bandarban Hill District of Bangladesh: the role of intervention. Small-scale For. 2014;13:319–331.
Rahman MR, Hossain MK, HMA. Ethnomedicinal practices by Garo Community of Madhupur National Park, Tangail, Bangladesh. Int J Usuf Mngt. 2017;18(1):48–60.
Mukul SA, Herbohn J. The impacts of shifting cultivation on secondary forests dynamics in tropics: A synthesis of the key findings and spatio temporal distribution of research. Environ Sci Policy. 2016;55:167–77.
Nath TK, Inoue M. Impacts of participatory forestry on livelihoods of ethnic people: experience from Bangladesh. Soc Nat Resour. 2010;23(11): 1093–107.
Nishat A, Biswas SR. Community-based restoration of degraded tropical hill forests: Experiences from Krykhong Para, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Bangladesh. Bull Natl Inst Ecol. 2005;16:1–11.
Abstract View: 2528 times
PDF Download: 950 times