Assessment of Forestry Laws Compliance among Farmers in Rural Forest Communities of Plateau State, Nigeria

Main Article Content

S. K. Vihi
B. Jesse
A. A. Dalla
Y. Sadiku

Abstract

The study assessed compliance with forestry laws among rural farmers in rural forest communities of Plateau State, Nigeria. The specific objectives of this study were to; describe the socio-economic characteristics of the rural forest farm families in the study area, examine the level of awareness of forestry laws in the study area, ascertain the level of compliance with forestry laws in the study area and identify the perceived constraints to forestry laws compliance in the study area. The population of the study consists of all the farmers in the rural forest communities of Plateau State. Multi-stage sampling technique was used to select a total number of 216 respondents for the study. Data for the study was garnered using structured questionnaire designed in line with objectives of the study. Analysis of the data was done using descriptive statistics and five point likert rating scale. Log it regression was used to test the hypothesis of the study. Findings revealed that the mean age of the farmers was 39 years with majority (61.0%) of them being male. The result also revealed that 85.0% of the respondents were married with majority (57.0%) of the respondents having non-formal education. The average household size of the respondents was 7 persons and average farm size of 2.5 hectares. The result further shows that only 49.0% of the farmers had contact with extension agents between 1 and 5 times in the last one year. Results indicate that farmers’ level of compliance with forestry laws in the study area was poor. The few forestry laws complied with in the study area were: law prohibiting the pasturing or grazing of cattle in the forest reserve (X=3.02), law prohibiting the erection of buildings or roads in the forest reserve (X=3.85) and law prohibiting kindling of fire in the forest reserve (X=3.54).Constraints to compliance with forestry laws includes; Perceived lack of fairness of tree tenure (79%), lack of alternative economic opportunities (87%), as a constraint to forest law compliance in the study area, lack of awareness of forest laws (71%), increased demand for agricultural land (42%), general lack of perceived legitimacy (33%), Corruption in government institutions (28%) and weak law enforcement (5%). The null hypothesis was rejected. The study recommends that, a zero tolerance policy on non-compliance with forestry laws should be put in place to checkmate indiscriminate exploitation of forest resources.

Keywords:
Assessment, forestry, law, compliance, farmers

Article Details

How to Cite
Vihi, S. K., Jesse, B., Dalla, A. A., & Sadiku, Y. (2020). Assessment of Forestry Laws Compliance among Farmers in Rural Forest Communities of Plateau State, Nigeria. Asian Journal of Research in Agriculture and Forestry, 5(4), 33-46. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajraf/2020/v5i430093
Section
Original Research Article

References

Udo ES, Udofia SI, Olajide O. Timber dealers’ perception of their knowledge of the forest law in Uyo senatorial district of AkwaIbom State. Nigeria African Research Review Journal. 2009;3(1):125-135.

Halley S. Issues in Sustainable Forest Management. Oxford Publishers, London, New York. 1998;34–36.

Oguntala AB. Ghana Journal of Forestry. 1995;4:17-23.

Bada SO. Biodiversity: Report of NFAP Working Group 7; 1995.

World Bank. Strengthening forest law enforcement and governance. Report No. 36638 -GLB August 2006, USA; 2006.

Center for international forestry research (CIFOR). Justice in the forest: Rural livelihoods and forest law enforcement. Bogor, Indonesia. 2006;98.

Agbeja BO. Effects of National Forest Policy and Act on Public and Private Forest Plantation Development in Southwest Nigeria. Journal of Forests and Forest Products. 2008;1:63-69.

Nzeh CEP. Economic analysis of deforestation in Enugu State, Nigeria: Thesis Submitted to the Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the award of Doctor of Philosophy Degree in Agricultural Economics B. Agric. Tech (Futo). 2012;4.

Ikoni UD. Patterns and trends in the use of protected forest resources among rural agricultural communities in benue state: challenges and legal implications for sustainable development. The Asian Conference on Sustainability, Energy and the Environment Official Conference Proceedings. 2012;264.

Agbogidi OM, Ofuoku AU. Forestry extension: Implications for forest protection. International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation. 2009;1 (5):098-104.

FAO. The State of the World's Forests. Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome; 2003.

Federal Republic of Nigeria (FRN). Combating desertification and mitigating the effects of drought in Nigeria: National report on the implementation of the united nations convention to combat desertification in those countries experiencing serious drought and/or desertification, particularly in Africa (CCD); 1999.

ITTO. Tropical Forest Update. 2005;15(3): 32.

Byron R, Arnold M. What futures for the people of the tropical forests? World Development 27:789–805 Case concerning the Gabčikovo- Nagymaros Project (Hungary v. Slovakia) ICJ Reports. 1996;7.

Cavendish W. Empirical regularities in the poverty-environment relationship of rural households: Evidence from Zimbabwe. World Development. 2000;28:1979-2003.

Arnold JEM, Ruiz-Pérez M. Can non-timber forest products match tropical forest conservation and development objectives? Ecological Economics. 2001;39:437-447.

Coomes OT, Barham BL, Takasaki Y. Targeting conservation-development initiatives in tropical forests: insights from analyses of rain forest use and economic reliance among Amazonian peasants. Ecological Economics. 2004;51:47-64.

Belcher B. Forest product markets, forests and poverty reduction. International Forestry Review. 2005;7:82-89.

Vedeld P, Angelsen A, Bojo J, Sjaastad E, Berg GK. Forest environmental incomes and the rural poor. Forest Policy and Economics. 2007;9:869-879.

German Technical Cooperation (GTZ). A Profile of the Plateau State Economy. Baseline Survey Report; 2010.

National Bureau of Statistics (NBS). Social Statistics in Nigeria-2010; 2009.

Ajayi OC, Akinnifesi FK, Sileshi G, Chakeredza S. Adoption of renewable soil fertility replenishment technologies in the southern African region: Lessons learnt and the way forward. Natural Resources Forum. 2007;31:306–317.

Nmadu JN, Sallawu H, Omojeso BV. Socio-economic factors affecting adoption of innovations by cocoa farmers in Ondo State, Nigeria. European Journal of Business, Economics and Accountancy. 2015;3(2):58-66.

Obasi PC, Okparadim GI, Henri-Ukoha A. Economics of agro forestry in Imo State, Nigeria. International Journal of Agricultural and Food Science. 2015;2(1): 7-13.

Henri-Ukoha A, Orebiyi JS, Obasi PC, Oguoma NN., Ohajianya DO, Ibekwe UC, Ukoha II. Determinants of loan acquisition from the Financial Institutions by Small-scale Farmers in Ohafia Agricultural zone of Abia State, South-east Nigeria. Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics. 2011;3(2):69-74.

Vihi SK, Jesse B, Dalla AA, Sadiku Y. Analysis of farm risk and coping strategies among maize farmers in lere local government area of Kaduna State, Nigeria. Asian Journal of Research in Agriculture and Forestry. 2018;1(3):1-10, 2018; Article no.AJRAF.43304

Orisakwe L, Agomuo FO. Adoption of improved agroforestry technologies among contact farmers in Imo State, Nigeria. Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development. 2011; 2(1):1-9.

Okoro JC. Climate change information needs of rural farmers in Enugu state, Nigeria. (Unpublished M.Sc Thesis). University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Enugu state, Nigeria; 2012.