Main Article Content
The study was carried out to assess the domestication of wild fruit trees in communities of Mayo-Belwa LGA of Adamawa State, Nigeria. Seven wards within the LGA (Tola, Mayo-Fareng, Binyeri, Gangfada, Gorobi, Gangwaso and Nasarawo Jereng) were selected for Agroforestry. 14 farms from each of the selected wards were randomly sampled and surveyed for observation and recording of indigenous fruit trees on the farms and also by ocular inspecting the proportion of farm land under fruit trees cultivation. Results shows that preference matrix ranking was used to generate a species priority list of indigenous fruit trees preferred by the local people through the use of questionnaire. Descriptive statistics such as table, frequencies and percentages were used to analyse the data obtained which includes, proportion of indigenous fruit trees DBH ranging (10.1-45.1), basal area ranging (80.1-1597.8), agricultural crops grown alongside fruit trees, local people towards wild fruit trees domestication, socio-economic variables of the respondents, and opportunities and constraints to on-farm cultivation of indigenous fruit trees. The result of the findings indicated that indigenous fruit trees species on-farm was relatively moderate:- The average proportion of farmland under indigenous fruit trees DBH was however low in Gorobi ward and higher in Binyeri ward. Some of the preferred indigenous wild fruit trees were Vitallaria paradoxa, Vitex doniana, Annona senegalensis and Tamarindus indica among others. The study recommended that in order for indigenous fruit trees to meaningfully contribute to household food security and incomes, there is need to: Formulate clear policies and by-laws on conservation of indigenous tree resources. Trees are assets, which contribute to the well-being of the rural community and through their longevity, serve as a cultural linking element throughout generations. Policy-makers and decision-makers also need to be kept informed of the latest advances in domestication and commercialization.
Kulnlein H, Erasmus B, Spigelski D, Eds. Indigenous people food systems. FAO and Centre for Indigenous People’s Nutrition and Environment, Rome. 2009;251-281.
Lapeña I, Turdieva M, Noriega IL, Ayad WG. Conservation of fruit tree diversity in Central Asia: Policy options and challenges. Bioversity International, Rome. 2014;251.
Paull RE, Duarte O, Eds. Tropical fruits. 2nd Edition, CAB International, London. 2011;1-10.
Sthapit L, Buckland ST, Burnham KP, Anderson DR, Laake JL, Borchers DL, Strindberg S. Distance sampling [online]. Wiley Online Library; 2012.
[Accessed 10/05 2015]
Awodoyin RO, Olubode OS, Ogbu JU, Balogun RB, Nwawuisi JU, Orji KO. Indigenous fruit trees of tropical Africa: Status, opportunity for development and biodiversity management. Agricultural Sciences. 2015;6(01):31.
FAO. Statistical Yearbook; 2010.
ICRAF (International Centre for Research in Agroforestry). Influence of forest fragmentation on an endangered large-bodied lemur in Northwestern Madagascar. International Centre for Research in Agroforestry, (ICRAF). 2000;142(12):2862-2871.
Maghembe JK, Craigie ID, Baillie JE, Balmford A, Carbone C, Collen B, Green RE, Hutton JM. Large mammal population declines in Africa’s protected areas. Biological Conservation. 2015;143(9):2221-2228.
Adebayo AA, Tukur AL. Adamawa State in maps. Paraclete Publishers; 1999.
Jackson WJ, Ingles AW. The information needed to implement community forest management. In Direction for Community Forest in Nepal. Nepal Australia Forest Project, Pokhara. Nepal; 1998.
Dishan EE, Umar IA, Bashir A, Kwaga BT. Assessment of population pressure on forest vegetation in greater Yola Adamawa State, Nigerian. Journal of Tropical Agriculture. 2009;11:205-208.
Muok B, Phofuetsile K, Jaenicke H, Hozla B. Propagation and management. Sclerocarya birrea: A monograph. School of Agricultural and Forest Sciences Publication. 2002;19:93-106.
The National Academies. Lost crops of Africa: Volume 3. Fruits. National Academies Press, Washington DC. 2008;381.
Cobley PB, Ibekwe LM. Comparison among bacterial communities present in arenized and adjacent areas subjected to different soil management regimes. Plant and Soil. 2013;373(1-2):339-358.
Akinnifesi FK, Leakey RRB, Ajayi OC, Sileshi G, Tchoundjeu Z, Matakala P, Kwesiga F. Indigenous fruit trees in the tropics: Domestication, utilization and commercialization. CAB International, Wallingford. 2007;28-49.
Jamnadass RH, Dawson IK, Franzel S, Leakey RRB, Mithöfer D, Akinnifesi FK, Tchoundjeu Z. Improving livelihoods and nutrition in Sub-Saharan Africa through the promotion of indigenous and exotic fruit production in smallholders’ agroforestry systems: A review. International Forestry Review. 2011;13:338-354.
Sheail J, Treweek JR, Mountford JO. UK transition from nature preservation to ‘Creative Conservation’. Environmental Conservation. 1997;24:224-235.
Roshetko J, Verbist B. Tree domestication lecture Note 6. International Centre for Research in Agrofrestry (ICRAF), South Asian Regional Research Programme, Bagor, Indonesia. 2000;17.