https://journalajraf.com/index.php/AJRAF/issue/feed Asian Journal of Research in Agriculture and Forestry 2024-04-03T12:20:57+00:00 Asian Journal of Research in Agriculture and Forestry contact@journalajraf.com Open Journal Systems <p><strong>Asian Journal of Research in Agriculture and Forestry</strong> <strong>(ISSN: </strong><strong>2581-7418)</strong> aims to publish high quality papers (<a href="https://journalajraf.com/index.php/AJRAF/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>) on all aspects of Agricultural and Forestry research. By not excluding papers based on novelty, this journal facilitates the research and wishes to publish papers as long as they are technically correct and scientifically motivated. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled, OPEN peer-reviewed, open-access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> https://journalajraf.com/index.php/AJRAF/article/view/280 Role of CRISPR in Crop Improvement: A Review 2024-03-22T06:48:46+00:00 Hassan Raza Hassanrazapbg1@gmail.com Muhammad Ashar Abdullah Samar Khaliq Muhammad Haider Sajjad Mehboob Elahi Muhammad Raffay Khan Abdullah Siddique <p>The meals and agriculture sectors have witnessed good sized advancements due to the state-of-the-art improvements in agricultural biotechnology and genetic engineering, that have more advantageous the essential characteristics of plant agronomic tendencies. A extensively used technique for inducing focused deletions, insertions, and precise sequence adjustments throughout numerous species and mobile kinds is collection-particular nucleases (SSNs)-based centered genome editing. Commercial adoption of genome modifying gear, which include zinc-finger nucleases (ZFNs), transcription activator-like effector nucleases (TALENs), and siRNA-mediated RNA interference, has been significant. However, the whole landscape of lifestyles sciences underwent a paradigm shift with the invention of the CRISPR/Cas9 machine as a flexible tool for genome modifying. Initially recognized as a virological defense DNA segment in bacteria and archaea, the clustered Regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR) machine has revolutionized molecular biology. Through modern molecular organic strategies, CRISPR/Cas9 enables unique modifications in any crop species. Its efficacy, reproducibility, and specificity have earned CRISPR/Cas9 the moniker of a "leap forward" in biotechnology.</p> 2024-03-22T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Author(s). The licensee is the journal publisher. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. https://journalajraf.com/index.php/AJRAF/article/view/279 Chemical and Functional Properties of Pasting Producing from Plantain, Mesquite Seed Flours and Rice Bran 2024-03-18T06:57:15+00:00 Ernest Eguono Emojorho emojorhoeguono@yahoo.com Charles Chiedu Udeh Maryann Nkemakonam Anene Agnes Aphiar Adaora Ngozi Nwosu Titus Onucheojo Ochimana <p>The goal of the study was to see whether plantain flour could be blended with rice bran and mesquite flour to produce composite flour that might be included in the diet of some people with health issues. According to the findings, the chemical composition of the top-rated enriched composite flour showed 10.41 to 14.70 % moisture, 3.37 to 11.70 % protein, 62.79 to 80.74 % carbohydrate, 1.35 to 1.71 % ash, 3.68 to 0.37 % fibre and 0.30 to 0.58 % fat. Mineral composition showed calcium 3.08 to 4.00 mg/100g, potassium 5.03 to 6.65 mg/100g, zinc 0.038 to 0.053 mg/100g, iron 0.029 to 0.038 mg/100g and sodium 0.51 to 0.80 mg/100g. Functional properties showed swelling capacity 3.85 g/g to 4.26 g/g, bulk density 0.40 to 0.44 g/cm<sup>3</sup>, solubility 6.94 to 17.35 % , water absoption capacity 58.00 to 59.80 %. Therefore, adding up to 30% of rice bran and mesquite flour to the composite flour mix would enhance its nutritional value.</p> 2024-03-18T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Author(s). The licensee is the journal publisher. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. https://journalajraf.com/index.php/AJRAF/article/view/281 Growth and Yield Performance of Lactuca sativa L. Grown in Hydroponics using Fish Effluents and Inorganic Fertilizer 2024-03-27T11:19:07+00:00 R.M.U. Rathnayaka S. Sutharsan M.A.P. Mayakaduwa P.O.P. Weerasinghe oshadeeweerasinghe@gmail.com <p>Aquaponics is an emerging sustainable food production technique where waste from fish culture is used as a source of nutrients for crops grown in hydroponics system. The present study was conducted at the Agriculture Research and Development Center, Sita Eliya, Nuwara Eliya, Sri Lanka during November 2015 to January 2016, to compare the yield of lettuce (<em>Lactuca sativa</em> L.) grown in hydroponics using fish effluents and inorganic fertilizer. The experiment was laid in a Completely Randomized Design with 5 treatments and 4 replicates. The different nutrient solutions used as the treatments of this experiment were water (T1), Albert’s solution (T2), Catla waste water (T3), Common Carp waste water (T4) and Tilapia waste water (T5). Each nutrient solution was tested for its nutrient composition, temperature, pH and electrical conductivity throughout the experimental period. The plant growth and yield parameters measured were plant height (cm), number of leaves, canopy diameter (cm), root length (cm), fresh weight of plant, leaves and roots (g), dry weight of leaves and roots (g) and, yield (ton/ha). The fish related parameters measured were body weight (g), initial and final stocking density (g/m3) and the mortality percentage. The results showed that T2 stood out (p&lt;0.05) with the highest plant height (12.27cm), canopy diameter (14.80cm), number of leaves (12) and root length (15.04cm), exhibiting a vigorous growth compared to the other treatments. A remarkable yield and shoot and root weight (fresh and dry) were also shown by T2 over the other treatments. Fish waste water in T3, T4 and T5 did not fulfill the nutrient requirement of lettuce due to the limited nutrients; nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium) produced by fingerlings. Therefore, these fish waste solutions need to be improved by increasing the feed quality and selecting fish within a suitable age range in order to obtain a yield comparable to T2, which is the commercially available Albert’s solution.</p> 2024-03-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Author(s). The licensee is the journal publisher. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. https://journalajraf.com/index.php/AJRAF/article/view/283 Management of Watersheds as a Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation Zone Unit for the Development of the City: A Case Study of Karangmumus Watershed at Samarinda City, East Kalimantan Province, Indonesia 2024-04-03T11:58:02+00:00 Akas Pinaringan Sujalu pinaringan_b@yahoo.co.id <p>The changing land use affects the social and economic characteristics and environmental issues in a watershed. To support sub-watershed management, land use scenarios and the level of community involvement must be improved. This research is a study to analyse and evaluate the condition of the Karangmumus watershed covering 365.25 km2 which is mostly located in Samarinda City, the capital of East Kalimantan Province. Research was conducted with various sources of data analysed using descriptive quantitative methods. In assessing the condition of a watershed, it is absolutely necessary to have debit data and other data to support the analysis and evaluation. In reality, currently the quantity and quality of flow data is still far from expected. This is due to the difficulties that cause the flow data collection process can not be done in all places, but only in certain watersheds. In the watershed monitoring carried out, there are still obstacles, one of which is the continuity of observation.</p> 2024-04-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Author(s). The licensee is the journal publisher. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. https://journalajraf.com/index.php/AJRAF/article/view/284 Phytoecological Investigation of Undergrowth in the Former Plantation of Guarrea cedrata (A. CHEV.) Abandoned PELLEGR in the Yangambi Biosphere Reserve, DR Congo 2024-04-03T12:20:57+00:00 Jean Trésor Bokanga jt.bokanga@ifa-yangambi.org Sylvain Solia Timothée Besisa Florent Bondekwe Lucien Bahuma et Isaac Diansambu <p>The present research paper aims at characterizing and comparing understorey phytoecological diversity between the Martineau and Blanc-étoc methods in the abandoned former <em>Guarrea cedrata</em> (A. CHEV.) PELLEGR plantation, with a view to increase the adequate policy (strategies) in order to complete knowledge gaps of these ones. The experimental devices used are 50*50 m (Martineau method, 2023) and 50*50 m (Blanc-étoc, 2023). All understorey species which reached a diameter greater or as equal as with 5,0 cm were numbered according to Letouzey (1982). In order to specify the phytoecological spectra (biological types, morphological types, diaspora types, temperament, leaves size and types). We used catalogue flora of vascular plants from Kisangani Districts and Tshopo Province in DR Congo. After analysis, it has been shown clearly that sarcochores, mesophylls, shade-tolerant species, simple trees and leaves are more or heavily observed and there is heterogeneity of understory species. It is noticed that the Martineau method has got 38 species and 22 families. Whereas Blanc-étoc, 30 species and 15 families. This proves that there is common remark between the two methods for ecosystem.</p> 2024-04-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Author(s). The licensee is the journal publisher. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 ), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.